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Chapter 9 - James Madison's Detached Memoranda



1. Gaillard Hunt, "Aspects of Monopoly One Hundred Years Ago," Harper's Magazine, Vol. 128, No. 766, March 1914, 489-490.

Document description:
Gaillard Hunt's introduction for the first publication of James Madison's "Monopolies, Perpetuities, Corporations, Ecclesiastical Establishments" - March 1914.

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Page 489
Page 490
Page 491
Page 492
Page 493
Page 494
Page 495



2. Elizabeth Fleet, "Madison's 'Detached Memoranda,'" William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd series, vol. 3, no. 4, October 1946, 535-536.

Document description:
Elizabeth Fleet's introduction to James Madison's Detached Memoranda following the discovery of Madison's original manuscript in 1946.

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Page 534
Page 535
Page 536



3. Elizabeth Fleet, "Madison's 'Detached Memoranda,'" William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd series, vol. 3, no. 4, October 1946, 534-535.

Document description:
Elizabeth Fleet's introduction to James Madison's Detached Memoranda following the discovery of Madison's original manuscript in 1946.

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Page 534
Page 535
Page 536



4. ...A July 1826 letter from George Mason (grandson of the Constitutional Convention delegate and Virginia constitution author) apparently convinced Madison that it was important that people know he was the author....

...Madison wrote back to Mason, confirming that he had been the author, and that the elder George Mason had been one of the two men who had asked him to write it....

Document description:
Letter from George Mason to James Madison asking for confirmation that Madison had been the author of the 1785 Memorial and Remonstrance against religious assessments in Virginia - July 6, 1826.

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Page 1
Page 2

Higher resolution image available in the James Madison Papers at the Library of Congress American Memory website:
Letter from George Mason to James Madison, July 6, 1826

Document description:
Letter from James Madison to George Mason in which Madison confirmed that he had been the author of the 1785 Memorial and Remonstrance against religious assessments in Virginia - July 14, 1826.

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Higher resolution image available in the James Madison Papers at the Library of Congress American Memory website:
Letter from James Madison to George Mason, July 14, 1826



5. The James Madison Papers at the Library of Congress, Series 2, Additional Correspondence and Related Items, Library of Congress Manuscript Division.

Document Description:
Madison's handwritten manuscript of "Monopolies, Perpetuities, Corporations, Ecclesiastical Establishments" from the Detached Memoranda.

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Page 1
Page 2
Page 3
Page 4
Page 5
Page 6
Page 7
Page 8
Page 9
Page 10
Page 11 (page cited in footnote 5)

Higher resolution images available in the James Madison Papers at the Library of Congress American Memory website:
Madison's handwritten manuscript of "Monopolies, Perpetuities, Corporations, Ecclesiastical Establishments"

Note: All of the pages are present on the Library of Congress website, but they are not in the correct order, and there are several duplicates.



6. The James Madison Papers at the Library of Congress, Series 2, Additional Correspondence and Related Items, Library of Congress Manuscript Division.

Document Description:
Page (cited in footnote 6) from Madison's handwritten manuscript of "Monopolies, Perpetuities, Corporations, Ecclesiastical Establishments" from the Detached Memoranda.

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Higher resolution image available in the James Madison Papers at the Library of Congress American Memory website:
Page (cited in footnote 6) from Madison's handwritten manuscript of "Monopolies, Perpetuities, Corporations, Ecclesiastical Establishments"



7. The James Madison Papers at the Library of Congress, Series 2, Additional Correspondence and Related Items, Library of Congress Manuscript Division.

Document Description:
Page (cited in footnote 7) from Madison's handwritten manuscript of "Monopolies, Perpetuities, Corporations, Ecclesiastical Establishments" from the Detached Memoranda.

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Higher resolution image available in the James Madison Papers at the Library of Congress American Memory website:
Page (cited in footnote 7) from Madison's handwritten manuscript of "Monopolies, Perpetuities, Corporations, Ecclesiastical Establishments"



8. The James Madison Papers at the Library of Congress, Series 2, Additional Correspondence and Related Items, Library of Congress Manuscript Division.
Madison obviously intended to replace the words "would have been" with the word "was." Although he very clearly wrote the word "was" above "would have been," he neglected to cross out the words "would have been." Because of this, the words "would have been" were left in by both Fleet and the transcriber of the copy that was sold to Harper Brothers. With Madison's other change of the word "effect" to the word "object," it was clearly his intention to make the other change, and failing to cross out "would have been" was simply an oversight.

Document Description:
Page (cited in footnote 8) from Madison's handwritten manuscript of "Monopolies, Perpetuities, Corporations, Ecclesiastical Establishments" from the Detached Memoranda.

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Higher resolution image available in the James Madison Papers at the Library of Congress American Memory website:
Page (cited in footnote 8) from Madison's handwritten manuscript of "Monopolies, Perpetuities, Corporations, Ecclesiastical Establishments"



9. Elizabeth Fleet, "Madison's 'Detached Memoranda,'" William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd series, vol. 3, no. 4, October 1946, 558-559.

Document Description:
Pages from "Monopolies, Perpetuities, Corporations, Ecclesiastical Establishments" related to religion and the government from Elizabeth Fleet's 1946 transcription.

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Page 554
Page 555
Page 556
Page 557
Page 558 (page cited in footnote 9)
Page 559 (page cited in footnote 9)
Page 560
Page 561
Page 562



10. Elizabeth Fleet, "Madison's 'Detached Memoranda,'" William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd series, vol. 3, no. 4, October 1946, 559-560.

Document Description:
Pages (cited in footnote 10) from "Monopolies, Perpetuities, Corporations, Ecclesiastical Establishments" related to religion and the government from Elizabeth Fleet's 1946 transcription.

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Page 559
Page 560



11. The Debates and Proceedings of the Congress of the United States of America, vol. 1, 1st Cong., 1st Sess., (Washington D.C.: Gales & Seaton, 1834), 109.

Document Description:
Appointment of House committee to confer with a Senate committee on the rules for conferences between the two houses and regulations for the appointment of chaplains - April 9, 1789.

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Full volume available at the Library of Congress A Century of Lawmaking website:
Debates and Proceedings, 1st Cong., 1st Sess.



12. James Madison to Edward Livingston, July 10, 1822, Letters and Other Writings of James Madison, vol. 3, (New York: R. Worthington, 1884), 274.

Document Description:
Letter from James Madison to Edward Livingston in which Madison stated that he had been opposed to the appointment of tax-supported chaplains to Congress in 1789 - July 10, 1822.

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Title Page
Page 273
Page 274
Page 275
Page 276

Full volume available on Google Book Search:
Letters and Other Writings of James Madison, Vol. 3



13. Elizabeth Fleet, "Madison's 'Detached Memoranda,'" William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd series, vol. 3, no. 4, October 1946, 559.

Document Description:
Page (cited in footnote 13) from "Monopolies, Perpetuities, Corporations, Ecclesiastical Establishments" related to religion and the government from Elizabeth Fleet's 1946 transcription.

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14. The Debates and Proceedings of the Congress of the United States of America, vol. 22, 11th Cong., 3rd Sess., (Washington D.C.: Gales & Seaton, 1853), 984.

Document Description:
Remarks of Laban Wheaton of Massachusetts in the House debate on James Madison's veto of An Act incorporating the Protestant Episcopal Church in the town of Alexandria in the District of Columbia - February 21, 1811.

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Full volume available at the Library of Congress A Century of Lawmaking website:
Debates and Proceedings, 11th Cong., 3rd Sess.



15. The Debates and Proceedings of the Congress of the United States of America, vol. 22, 11th Cong., 3rd Sess., (Washington D.C.: Gales & Seaton, 1853), 997.

Document Description:
House vote against overriding James Madison's veto of An Act incorporating the Protestant Episcopal Church in the town of Alexandria in the District of Columbia - February 23, 1811.

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Full volume available at the Library of Congress A Century of Lawmaking website:
Debates and Proceedings, 11th Con. 3rd Sess.



16. Richard Peters, ed., The Public Statutes at Large of the United States of America, vol. 1, (Boston: Charles C. Little and James Brown, 1845), 71.

Document Description:
An Act for allowing compensation to the members of the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States, and to the officers of both Houses - September 22, 1789.

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Full volume available at the Library of Congress A Century of Lawmaking website:
Statutes at Large, vol. 1



17. No documents cited.



18. No documents cited.



19. Elizabeth Fleet, "Madison's 'Detached Memoranda,'" William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd series, vol. 3, no. 4, October 1946, 560-562.

Document Description:
Pages (cited in footnote 19) from "Monopolies, Perpetuities, Corporations, Ecclesiastical Establishments" related to religion and the government from Elizabeth Fleet's 1946 transcription.

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Page 560
Page 561
Page 562



20. Proclamation of July 23, 1813, The Debates and Proceedings of the Congress of the United States of America, vol. 27, 13th Cong., Appendix, (Washington D.C.: Gales & Seaton, 1854), 2674.

Document Description:
James Madison's proclamation of a day of humiliation and prayer - July 23, 1813.

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Full volume available at the Library of Congress A Century of Lawmaking website:
Debates and Proceedings, 13th Cong.



21. James Madison to Edward Livingston, July 10, 1822, Letters and Other Writings of James Madison, vol. 3, (New York: R. Worthington, 1884), 274-275.

Document Description:
Letter from James Madison to Edward Livingston containing Madison's opinion on presidential proclamations of days of prayer - July 10, 1822.

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Title Page
Page 273
Page 274
Page 275
Page 276

Full volume available on Google Book Search:
Letters and Other Writings of James Madison, Vol. 3



22. Benjamin Rush to John Adams, June 4, 1812, John A Shultz and Douglass Adair, eds., The Spur of Fame: Dialogues of John Adams and Benjamin Rush, 1805-1813, (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1999), 242.

Document Description:
Letter from Benjamin Rush to John Adams in which Rush states that the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church voted against petitioning James Madison to appoint a fast day because they didn't think he would do it - June 4, 1812

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Title Page
Page 242
Page 243
Page 244

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23. Earlier in the letter, Madison gave the following description of the Virginia clergy prior to disestablishment of the Anglican church: "The indolence of most, and the irregular lives of many, of the established clergy, consisting, in a very large proportion, of foreigners, and these, in no inconsiderable proportion, of men willing to leave their homes in the parent country, where their demerit was an obstacle to a provision for them, and whose degeneracy here was promoted by their distance from the controuling eyes of their kindred and friends; by the want of Ecclesiastical superiors in the Colony, or efficient ones in G. Britain, who might maintain a salutary discipline among them; and finally, by their independence both of their congregations and of the civil authority for their stipends."

Document Description:
Letter from James Madison to Robert Walsh answering Walsh's request for information about Virginia for a book he was writing - March 2, 1819.

See footnote 24, pages 123-124.



24. James Madison to Robert Walsh, March 2, 1819, Letters and Other Writings of James Madison, vol. 3, (New York: R. Worthington, 1884), 124-125.

Note: There is an error in this footnote in the book. The footnote says pages 274-275. It should be pages 124-125.

Document Description:
Letter from James Madison to Robert Walsh answering Walsh's request for information about Virginia for a book he was writing - March 2, 1819.

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Title Page
Page 121
Page 122
Page 123
Page 124
Page 125
Page 126

Full volume available on Google Book Search:
Letters and Other Writings of James Madison, Vol. 3



25. Elizabeth Fleet, "Madison's 'Detached Memoranda,'" William and Mary Quarterly, 3rd series, vol. 3, no. 4, October 1946, 555.
Madison's note to see his veto messages, etc., was apparently included in the final version of the essay, and did appear as a footnote in the 1914 Harper's Magazine publication.

Document Description:
Page (cited in footnote 25) from "Monopolies, Perpetuities, Corporations, Ecclesiastical Establishments" related to religion and the government from Elizabeth Fleet's 1946 transcription.

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26. The Debates and Proceedings of the Congress of the United States of America, vol. 22, 11th Cong., 3rd Sess., (Washington D.C.: Gales & Seaton, 1853), 982-983.

Document Description:
James Madison's objections to An Act incorporating the Protestant Episcopal Church in the town of Alexandria in the District of Columbia from his veto message - February 21, 1811.

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Page 982
Page 983

Full volume available at the Library of Congress A Century of Lawmaking website:
Debates and Proceedings, 11th Cong. 3rd Sess.



27. The Debates and Proceedings of the Congress of the United States of America, vol. 22, 11th Cong., 3rd Sess., (Washington D.C.: Gales & Seaton, 1853), 1097-1098.

Document Description:
James Madison's objection to An act for the relief of Richard Tervin,William Coleman, Edwin Lewis, Samuel Mims, Joseph Wilson, and the Baptist Church at Salem Meeting House, in the Mississippi Territory from his veto message - February 28, 1811.

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Full volume available at the Library of Congress A Century of Lawmaking website:
Debates and Proceedings, 11th Cong., 3rd Sess.