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Chapter 7 - Treaties with the Barbary States



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2. John Adams to Thomas Jefferson, April 19, 1817, Lester J. Cappon, ed., The Adams-Jefferson Letters: The Complete Correspondence Between Thomas Jefferson and Abigail and John Adams, (Chapel Hill and London: The University of North Carolina Press, 1988), 509.

Document description:
Letter from John Adams to Thomas Jefferson, often misquoted by taking the first sentence of the following passage out of context. "Twenty times, in the course of my late reading, have I been upon the point of breaking out, 'This would be the best of all possible worlds, if there were no religion in it!!!' But in this exclamation I should have been as fanatical as Bryant or Cleverly. Without religion this world would be something not fit to be mentioned in polite company, I mean Hell..."

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3. Thomas Jefferson to John Adams, May 5, 1817, Lester J. Cappon, ed., The Adams-Jefferson Letters: The Complete Correspondence Between Thomas Jefferson and Abigail and John Adams, (Chapel Hill and London: The University of North Carolina Press, 1988), 512.

Document description:
Thomas Jefferson's reply to John Adams April 19, 1817 letter, May 5, 1817.

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4. One printing copied the original punctuation from the 1797 printing - Richard Peters, ed., The Public Statutes at Large of the United States of America, vol. 8, (Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1867), 155. Two used semicolons rather than dashes - Walter Lowrie, ed., American State Papers: Foreign Relations, vol. 2, (Washington D.C.: Gales and Seaton, 1832), 19; The Debates and Proceedings of the Congress of the United States of America, vol. 9, 5th Cong., Appendix, (Washington D.C.: Gales & Seaton, 1851), 3095-3096.

Note: There is an error in this footnote in the book. The footnote says that two of the printings used the 1797 punctuation, and one used semicolons. This is corrected here.

Document description:
Article 11 of the 1796 Treaty with Tripoli.

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Page 155

Full volume available at the Library of Congress A Century of Lawmaking website:
Statutes at Large, vol. 8

Page 19

Full volume available at the Library of Congress A Century of Lawmaking website:
American State Papers: Foreign Relations, vol. 2

Page 3095-3096

Full volume available at the Library of Congress A Century of Lawmaking website:
Debates and Proceedings, 5th Cong.



5. David Hunter Miller, ed., Treaties and Other International Acts of the United States of America, vol. 2, (Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1931), 383.

Document description:
Proclamation by John Adams of the 1796 Treaty with Tripoli - June 10, 1797.

Available online at The Avalon Project at Yale Law School:
Proclamation of the 1796 Treaty with Tripoli - June 10, 1797



6. John Adams to Thomas Jefferson, July 3, 1786, Lester J. Cappon, ed., The Adams-Jefferson Letters: The Complete Correspondence Between Thomas Jefferson and Abigail and John Adams, (Chapel Hill and London: The University of North Carolina Press, 1988), 139.

Document description:
Letter from John Adams to Thomas Jefferson discussing whether it would be better to pay tribute to the Barbary States or fight them - July 3, 1786.

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Page 138
Page 139

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7. David Hunter Miller, ed., Treaties and Other International Acts of the United States of America, vol. 2, (Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1931).

Document description:
Dr. C. Snouck Hurgronje's 1930 literal translation of the 1796 Treaty with Tripoli.

Available online at The Avalon Project at Yale Law School:
Literal translation of the 1796 Treaty with Tripoli



8. Richard Peters, ed., The Public Statutes at Large of the United States of America, vol. 8, (Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1867), 154.

Document description:
Article 4 of the 1796 Treaty with Tripoli.

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Full volume available at the Library of Congress A Century of Lawmaking website:
Statutes at Large, vol. 8



9. David Hunter Miller, ed., Treaties and Other International Acts of the United States of America, vol. 2, (Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1931).

Document description:
Dr. C. Snouck Hurgronje's 1930 literal translation of the 1795 Treaty with Algiers.

Available online at The Avalon Project at Yale Law School:
Literal translation of the 1795 Treaty with Algiers



10. Richard Peters, ed., The Public Statutes at Large of the United States of America, vol. 8, (Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1867), 133.

Document description:
Article 1 of the 1795 Treaty with Algiers.

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Statutes at Large, vol. 8



11. David Hunter Miller, ed., Treaties and Other International Acts of the United States of America, vol. 2, (Washington D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1931).

Document description:
Dr. C. Snouck Hurgronje's 1930 literal translation of the 1816 Treaty with Algiers.

Available online at The Avalon Project at Yale Law School:
Literal translation of the 1816 Treaty with Algiers



12. Richard Peters, ed., The Public Statutes at Large of the United States of America, vol. 8, (Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1867), 244.

Document description:
Opening statement of the 1816 Treaty with Algiers.

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Statutes at Large, vol. 8



13. Henry Adams, History of the United States of America during the Administration of Thomas Jefferson, (New York: Albert & Charles Boni, 1930), 431.

Document description:
Letter from William Eaton to Timothy Pickering regarding Eaton's May 1803 meeting with Thomas Jefferson about the situation in Tripoli.

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History of the United States of America during the Administration of Thomas Jefferson

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14. Henry Adams, History of the United States of America during the Administration of Thomas Jefferson, (New York: Albert & Charles Boni, 1930), 431.

Document description:
Letter from William Eaton to Timothy Pickering regarding the instructions given by Thomas Jefferson when sending Eaton back to the Mediterranean in March 1804.

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Title Page
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History of the United States of America during the Administration of Thomas Jefferson

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15. Glenn Tucker, Dawn Like Thunder, The Barbary Wars and the Birth of the U.S. Navy, (Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1963), 363.

Document description:
Letter from Captain Isaac Hull to William Eaton in which Hull gave his opinion of the impracticality of Eaton's plan to march an army of Arabs from Egypt to Tripoli in February 1805.

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16. The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States, vol. 15, 9th Cong., 1st Sess., (Washington D.C.: Gales and Seaton, 1852), 48-50.

Document description:
Thomas Jefferson's message to Congress detailing the events that led to William Eaton's 1805 march from Egypt to Derne - January 13, 1806.

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Page 48
Page 49-50

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Debates and Proceedings, 9th Cong. 1st Sess.



17. Richard Peters, ed., The Public Statutes at Large of the United States of America, vol. 8, (Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1867), 102.

Document description:
Article 10 of the 1786 Treaty with Morocco.

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Statutes at Large, vol. 8



18. Richard Peters, ed., The Public Statutes at Large of the United States of America, vol. 8, (Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1867), 485.

Document description:
Article 11 of the 1836 Treaty with Morocco.

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Full volume available at the Library of Congress A Century of Lawmaking website:
Statutes at Large, vol. 8



19. Richard Peters, ed., The Public Statutes at Large of the United States of America, vol. 8, (Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1867), 216.

Document description:
Article 14 of the 1805 Treaty with Tripoli.

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Statutes at Large, vol. 8