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Chapter 10 - The Election of 1800



1. Andrew A. Lipscomb and Albert Ellery Bergh, eds., The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 2, (Washington D.C.: Thomas Jefferson Memorial Association, 1904), 221.

Document description:
Excerpt from Thomas Jefferson's Notes on the State of Virginia - 1781.

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The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 2



2. William Linn, Serious Considerations on the Election of a President: Addressed to the Citizens of the United States, (New York, 1800), 17-20.

Document description:
Pamphlet published by Rev. William Linn attacking Thomas Jefferson in the presidential campaign of 1800.

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Title Page
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Page 20



3. William Linn, Serious Considerations on the Election of a President: Addressed to the Citizens of the United States, (New York, 1800), 15.

Document description:
Pamphlet published by Rev. William Linn attacking Thomas Jefferson in the presidential campaign of 1800.

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Title Page
Page 15



4. William Linn, Serious Considerations on the Election of a President: Addressed to the Citizens of the United States, (New York, 1800), 25-26.

Document description:
Pamphlet published by Rev. William Linn attacking Thomas Jefferson in the presidential campaign of 1800.

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Title Page
Page 25
Page 26



5. William Linn, Serious Considerations on the Election of a President: Addressed to the Citizens of the United States, (New York, 1800), 33.

Document description:
Pamphlet published by Rev. William Linn attacking Thomas Jefferson in the presidential campaign of 1800.

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Title Page
Page 33



6. Richard N. Rosenfeld, American Aurora: A Democratic-Republican Returns, (New York, St. Martin's Press, 1997), 782.

Document description:
Anti-Jefferson notice in the Gazette of the United States - May 1, 1800.

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Page 782

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7. John Mitchell Mason, The Voice of Warning to Christians, reprinted in Ellis Sandoz, ed., Political Sermons of the American Founding Era: 1730-1805, vol. 2, (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1998).

Document description:
Pamphlet published by John Mitchell Mason attacking Thomas Jefferson in the presidential campaign of 1800.

Full volume available in PDF and HTML formats at the Liberty Fund's Online Library of Liberty website:
Political Sermons of the American Founding Era: 1730-1805, vol. 2

Direct link to pamphlet cited in footnote:
The Voice of Warning to Christians

Voice of Warning is also available online in The Complete Works of John M. Mason. D.D., vol.4, (New York: Baker and Scribner, 1852), 529-579.

Full volume available at the Dickinson College Their Own Words website:
The Complete Works of John M. Mason. D.D., vol.4

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8. John Mitchell Mason, The Voice of Warning to Christians, reprinted in Ellis Sandoz, ed., Political Sermons of the American Founding Era: 1730-1805, vol. 2, (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1998).

Document description:
Pamphlet published by John Mitchell Mason attacking Thomas Jefferson in the presidential campaign of 1800.

Full volume available in PDF and HTML formats at the Liberty Fund's Online Library of Liberty website:
Political Sermons of the American Founding Era: 1730-1805, vol. 2

Direct link to pamphlet cited in footnote:
The Voice of Warning to Christians

Voice of Warning is also available online in The Complete Works of John M. Mason. D.D., vol.4, (New York: Baker and Scribner, 1852), 529-579.

Full volume available at the Dickinson College Their Own Words website:
The Complete Works of John M. Mason. D.D., vol.4

Purchase Political Sermons of the American Founding Era, 1730-1805 on Amazon.com



9. DeWitt Clinton, A Vindication of Thomas Jefferson; Against the Charges Contained in a Pamphlet Entitled, "Serious Considerations," &c., (New York: Printed by David Denniston, 1800), 40-41.

Document description:
Pamphlet published by DeWitt Clinton supporting Thomas Jefferson in the presidential campaign of 1800.

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Page 40
Page 41



10. Tunis Wortman, A Solemn Address to Christians & Patriots Upon the Approaching Election of a President of the United States, in Answer to a Pamphlet, Entitled, "Serious Considerations," &c., reprinted in Ellis Sandoz, ed., Political Sermons of the American Founding Era: 1730-1805, vol. 2, (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1998).

Document description:
Pamphlet published by Tunis Wortman supporting Thomas Jefferson in the presidential campaign of 1800.

Full volume available in PDF and HTML formats at the Liberty Fund's Online Library of Liberty website:
Political Sermons of the American Founding Era: 1730-1805, vol. 2

Direct link to pamphlet cited in footnote:
A Solemn Address to Christians & Patriots Upon the Approaching Election of a President of the United States

Purchase Political Sermons of the American Founding Era, 1730-1805 on Amazon.com



11. Tunis Wortman, A Solemn Address to Christians & Patriots Upon the Approaching Election of a President of the United States, in Answer to a Pamphlet, Entitled, "Serious Considerations," &c., reprinted in Ellis Sandoz, ed., Political Sermons of the American Founding Era: 1730-1805, vol. 2, (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1998).

Document description:
Pamphlet published by Tunis Wortman supporting Thomas Jefferson in the presidential campaign of 1800.

Full volume available in PDF and HTML formats at the Liberty Fund's Online Library of Liberty website:
Political Sermons of the American Founding Era: 1730-1805, vol. 2

Direct link to pamphlet cited in footnote:
A Solemn Address to Christians & Patriots Upon the Approaching Election of a President of the United States

Purchase Political Sermons of the American Founding Era, 1730-1805 on Amazon.com



12. Tunis Wortman, A Solemn Address to Christians & Patriots Upon the Approaching Election of a President of the United States, in Answer to a Pamphlet, Entitled, "Serious Considerations," &c., reprinted in Ellis Sandoz, ed., Political Sermons of the American Founding Era: 1730-1805, vol. 2, (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1998).

Document description:
Pamphlet published by Tunis Wortman supporting Thomas Jefferson in the presidential campaign of 1800.

Full volume available in PDF and HTML formats at the Liberty Fund's Online Library of Liberty website:
Political Sermons of the American Founding Era: 1730-1805, vol. 2

Direct link to pamphlet cited in footnote:
A Solemn Address to Christians & Patriots Upon the Approaching Election of a President of the United States

Purchase Political Sermons of the American Founding Era, 1730-1805 on Amazon.com



13. Tunis Wortman, A Solemn Address to Christians & Patriots Upon the Approaching Election of a President of the United States, in Answer to a Pamphlet, Entitled, "Serious Considerations," &c., reprinted in Ellis Sandoz, ed., Political Sermons of the American Founding Era: 1730-1805, vol. 2, (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1998).

Document description:
Pamphlet published by Tunis Wortman supporting Thomas Jefferson in the presidential campaign of 1800.

Full volume available in PDF and HTML formats at the Liberty Fund's Online Library of Liberty website:
Political Sermons of the American Founding Era: 1730-1805, vol. 2

Direct link to pamphlet cited in footnote:
A Solemn Address to Christians & Patriots Upon the Approaching Election of a President of the United States

Purchase Political Sermons of the American Founding Era, 1730-1805 on Amazon.com



14. Tunis Wortman, A Solemn Address to Christians & Patriots Upon the Approaching Election of a President of the United States, in Answer to a Pamphlet, Entitled, "Serious Considerations," &c., reprinted in Ellis Sandoz, ed., Political Sermons of the American Founding Era: 1730-1805, vol. 2, (Indianapolis: Liberty Fund, 1998).

Document description:
Pamphlet published by Tunis Wortman supporting Thomas Jefferson in the presidential campaign of 1800.

Full volume available in PDF and HTML formats at the Liberty Fund's Online Library of Liberty website:
Political Sermons of the American Founding Era: 1730-1805, vol. 2

Direct link to pamphlet cited in footnote:
A Solemn Address to Christians & Patriots Upon the Approaching Election of a President of the United States

Purchase Political Sermons of the American Founding Era, 1730-1805 on Amazon.com



15. Arthur M. Schlesinger, ed., History of American Presidential Elections, 1789-1968, vol. 1, (New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1985), 137-138.

Document description:
Governor Joseph Bloomfield's pro-Jefferson Address to the People of New Jersey - September 1800.

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16. Benjamin Rush to Thomas Jefferson, October 6, 1800, The Thomas Jefferson Papers, Series 1, General Correspondence, 1651-1827, Library of Congress Manuscript Division, #18402

Document description:
Letter from Benjamin Rush to Thomas Jefferson regarding the clergy's attacks on him in the presidential campaign of 1800 - October 6, 1800.

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Benjamin Rush to Thomas Jefferson, October 6, 1800



17. No documents cited.



18. The Debates and Proceedings of the Congress of the United States of America, vol. 1, 1st Cong., 2nd Sess., (Washington D.C.: Gales & Seaton, 1834), 1132.

Document description:
Remarks of James Jackson of Georgia regarding speculation in Revolutionary War securities during the House debate on Alexander Hamilton's Report on the Public Credit - January 28, 1790.

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Full volume available at the Library of Congress A Century of Lawmaking website:
Debates and Proceedings, 1st Cong., 2nd Sess.



19. The Debates and Proceedings of the Congress of the United States of America, vol. 1, 1st Cong., 2nd Sess., (Washington D.C.: Gales & Seaton, 1834), 1238.

Document description:
Remarks of Elias Budinot of New Jersey regarding speculation in Revolutionary War securities during the House debate on Alexander Hamilton's Report on the Public Credit - February 11, 1790.

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Full volume available at the Library of Congress A Century of Lawmaking website:
Debates and Proceedings, 1st Cong. 2nd sess.



20. Edgar S. Maclay, ed., Journal of William Maclay, (New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1890), 237-238.

Document description:
Observations of Senator William Maclay of Pennsylvania of the reaction of certain House members who were involved in speculation when Hamilton's economic plan didn't pass in the House on the first vote - April 12, 1790.

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Page 237
Page 238

Full volume available at the Library of Congress A Century of Lawmaking website:
Journal of William Maclay



21. Saul K. Padover, ed., The Complete Jefferson, (New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce, Inc., 1943), 1208-1210.

Document description:
Thomas Jefferson's account of the "Compromise of 1790" that supplied enough Virginia votes to pass Hamilton's economic plan in exchange for the nation's capital being located in the south from the introduction to The Anas - February 4, 1818.

Available online in: Paul Leicester Ford, ed., The Works of Thomas Jefferson, Federal Edition, vol. 1, (New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1905), 172-178.

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Full volume available in both PDF and HTML formats at the Liberty Fund's Online Library of Liberty website:
The Works of Thomas Jefferson, Federal Edition, vol. 1



22. Joanne B. Freeman, ed., Alexander Hamilton, Writings, (New York: Literary Classics of the United States, 2001), 618.

Document description:
Excerpt from Alexander Hamilton's opinion on the constitutionality of a national bank - February 23, 1791.

Available online in: Henry Cabot Lodge, ed., The Works of Alexander Hamilton, vol. 3, (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1904), 452-453.

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Page 452
Page 453

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The Works of Alexander Hamilton, vol. 3

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23. Joanne B. Freeman, ed., Alexander Hamilton, Writings, (New York: Literary Classics of the United States, 2001), 631.

Document description:
Excerpt from Alexander Hamilton's opinion on the constitutionality of a national bank - February 23, 1791.

Available online in: Henry Cabot Lodge, ed., The Works of Alexander Hamilton, vol. 3, (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1904), 472.

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The Works of Alexander Hamilton, vol. 3

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24. Saul K. Padover, ed., The Complete Jefferson, (New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce, Inc., 1943), 1210-1211.

Document description:
Thomas Jefferson's account of the effect of the passage of the Bank Bill on Congress and the influence of Alexander Hamiton on George Washington from the introduction to The Anas - February 4, 1818.

Available online in: Paul Leicester Ford, ed., The Works of Thomas Jefferson, Federal Edition, vol. 1, (New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1905), 178-179.

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Title Page
Page 178
Page 179

Full volume available in both PDF and HTML formats at the Liberty Fund's Online Library of Liberty website:
The Works of Thomas Jefferson, Federal Edition, vol. 1



25. Leland D. Baldwin, Whiskey Rebels: The Story of a Frontier Uprising, (Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1939), 78.

Document description:
Resolution regarding the treatment of excise officers passed at a public meeting in Washington County, Pennsylvania - August 23, 1791.

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Full volume available in the Historic Pittsburgh collection at the University of Pittsburgh Digital Research Library:
Whiskey Rebels: The Story of a Frontier Uprising



26. George Washington to Governor Henry Lee, August 26, 1794, John C. Fitzpatrick, ed., The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745-1799, vol. 33, (Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1931), 475-476.

There is an error in this footnote in the book. The footnote dates the letter August 26, 1795. The correct date is August 26, 1794.

Document description:
Letter from George Washington to Governor Henry Lee showing that Washington believed that the Democratic Societies and Citizen Genet were responsible for the Whiskey Rebellion - August 26, 1794.

An e-text edition of this entire collection is available on the University of Virginia website:
The Writings of George Washington from the Original Manuscript Sources, 1745-1799

Direct link to letter cited in footnote:
George Washington to Governor Henry Lee, August 26, 1794



27. Eugene Perry Link, Democratic-Republican Societies, 1790-1800, (Morningside Heights, NY: Columbia University Press, 1942), 19-20.

Document description:
Piece in Wood's Newark Gazette blaming the Democratic Societies and Citizen Genet for the Whiskey Rebellion - October 15, 1794.

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28. No documents cited.



29. Eugene Perry Link, Democratic-Republican Societies, 1790-1800, (Morningside Heights, NY: Columbia University Press, 1942), 8.

Document description:
Letter from a reader to National Gazette editor Philip Freneau suggesting that he print an English translation of an article from Philadelphia's German newspaper about the German Republican Society - April 1793.

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30. Eugene Perry Link, Democratic-Republican Societies, 1790-1800, (Morningside Heights, NY: Columbia University Press, 1942), 11.

Document description:
Excerpt from the first circular published by the Democratic Society of Pennsylvania - July 1793.

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31. Journal of the House of Representatives of the United States, vol. 2, 3rd Cong. 2nd Sess., (Washington D.C.: Gales and Seaton, 1826), 233-234.

Document description:
Denunciation of "self-created societies" in George Washington's message to Congress - November 19, 1794.

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Page 233
Page 234

Full volume available at the Library of Congress A Century of Lawmaking website:
Journal of the House of Representatives, vol. 2



32. The Debates and Proceedings of the Congress of the United States of America, vol. 4, 3rd Cong., 2nd Sess., (Washington D.C.: Gales & Seaton, 1855), 899.

Document description:
Motion made by Thomas Fitzsimons in the House debate on George Washington's November 19, 1794 message to Congress - November 24, 1794.

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Full volume available at the Library of Congress A Century of Lawmaking website:
Debates and Proceedings, 3rd Cong., 2nd Sess.



33. Alexander Hamilton to Thomas Fitzsimons, November 27, 1794, Henry Cabot Lodge, ed., The Works of Alexander Hamilton, vol. 10, (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1904), 78-79.

Document description:
Letter from Alexander Hamilton to Thomas Fitzsimons supplying Fitzsimons with what was described as "recently received" information to use in the House debate on George Washington's November 19, 1794 message to Congress - November 27, 1794.

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Page 78
Page 79

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The Works of Alexander Hamilton, vol. 10



34. The Debates and Proceedings of the Congress of the United States of America, vol. 4, 3rd Cong., 2nd Sess., (Washington D.C.: Gales & Seaton, 1855), 947.

Document description:
Remarks of Uriah Tracy of Connecticut in the House debate on George Washington's November 19, 1794 message to Congress - November 28, 1794.

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Full volume available at the Library of Congress A Century of Lawmaking website:
Debates and Proceedings, 3rd Cong., 2nd Sess.



35. Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, December 28, 1794, Andrew A. Lipscomb and Albert Ellery Bergh, eds., The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 9, (Washington D.C.: Thomas Jefferson Memorial Association, 1904), 293-296.

Document description:
Letter from Thomas Jefferson to James Madison regarding George Washington's denunciation of the democratic societies - December 28, 1794.

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Page 293
Page 294
Page 295
Page 296

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The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 9



36. Thomas Jefferson to Elbridge Gerry, January 26, 1799, Barbara B. Oberg, ed., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 30, (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003), 647-648.

Document description:
Letter from Thomas Jefferson to Elbridge Gerry containing Jefferson's thoughts on the X.Y.Z. affair - January 26, 1799.

Available online in: Andrew A. Lipscomb and Albert Ellery Bergh, eds., The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 10, (Washington, DC: Thomas Jefferson Memorial Association, 1905), 74-86.

View Page images:
Page 74
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Page 76
Page 77
Page 78
Page 79
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Full volume on Google Book Search:
The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 10



37. Thomas Jefferson to Elbridge Gerry, January 26, 1799, Barbara B. Oberg, ed., The Papers of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 30, (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2003), 650.

Document description:
Letter from Thomas Jefferson to Elbridge Gerry containing Jefferson's thoughts on the X.Y.Z. affair - January 26, 1799.

Available online in: Andrew A. Lipscomb and Albert Ellery Bergh, eds., The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 10, (Washington, DC: Thomas Jefferson Memorial Association, 1905), 74-86.

View Page images:
Page 74
Page 75
Page 76
Page 77
Page 78
Page 79
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Page 81
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Page 84
Page 85
Page 86

Full volume on Google Book Search:
The Writings of Thomas Jefferson, vol. 10



38. Thomas Jefferson to Thomas Lomax, March 12, 1799, H.A. Washington, ed., The Writings of Thomas Jefferson: Being His Autobiography, Correspondence, Reports, Messages, Addresses, and Other Writings, Official and Private, vol. 4, (New York: Derby & Jackson, 1859), 300.

Document description:
Letter from Thomas Jefferson to Thomas Lomax expressing his optimism that the American people were starting to see through the Federalist propaganda about France - March 12, 1799.

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Title Page
Page 300
Page 301

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The Writings of Thomas Jefferson: Being His Autobiography, Correspondence, Reports, Messages, Addresses, and Other Writings, Official and Private, vol. 4



39. Jeremiah Moore to Thomas Jefferson, July 12, 1800, The Thomas Jefferson Papers, Series 1, General Correspondence, 1651-1827, Library of Congress Manuscript Division, #18319.

Document description:
Letter from Virginia Baptist minister Jeremiah Moore to Thomas Jefferson asking for reassurance that his political principles hadn't changed - July 12, 1800.

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Jeremiah Moore to Thomas Jefferson, July 12, 1800



40. Thomas Jefferson to Jeremiah Moore, August 14, 1800, Paul Leicester Ford, ed., The Works of Thomas Jefferson, Federal Edition, vol. 9, (New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1905), 142-143.

Document description:
Thomas Jefferson's reply to Jeremiah Moore's letter of July 12, 1800 assuring Moore that his political principles hadn't changed - August 14, 1800.

View page Images:
Title Page
Page 142
Page 143
Page 144

Full volume available in both PDF and HTML formats at the Liberty Fund's Online Library of Liberty website:
The Works of Thomas Jefferson, Federal Edition, vol. 9



41. Thomas Jefferson to Jeremiah Moore, August 14, 1800, Paul Leicester Ford, ed., The Works of Thomas Jefferson, Federal Edition, vol. 9, (New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1905), 143.

Document description:
Thomas Jefferson's reply to Jeremiah Moore's letter of July 12, 1800 assuring Moore that his political principles hadn't changed - August 14, 1800.

View page Images:
Title Page
Page 142
Page 143
Page 144

Full volume available in both PDF and HTML formats at the Liberty Fund's Online Library of Liberty website:
The Works of Thomas Jefferson, Federal Edition, vol. 9



42. Thomas Jefferson to Jeremiah Moore, August 14, 1800, Paul Leicester Ford, ed., The Works of Thomas Jefferson, Federal Edition, vol. 9, (New York and London: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1905), 143-144.

Document description:
Thomas Jefferson's reply to Jeremiah Moore's letter of July 12, 1800 assuring Moore that his political principles hadn't changed - August 14, 1800.

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Title Page
Page 142
Page 143
Page 144

Full volume available in both PDF and HTML formats at the Liberty Fund's Online Library of Liberty website:
The Works of Thomas Jefferson, Federal Edition, vol. 9



43. The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States, vol. 28, 13th Cong., 3rd Sess., (Washington D.C.: Gales and Seaton, 1854), 105.

Note: There is an error in this footnote in the book. The footnote says pages 105. It should be pages 1105.

Document description:
Remarks of Cyrus King of Massachusetts in the House debate on the purchase of Thomas Jefferson's library by Congress - January 26, 1815.

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Debates and Proceedings, 13th Cong., 3rd Sess.